Media Bias 101 http://www.mrc.org/taxonomy/term/3149/all en Media Bias 101: What Journalists Really Think -- and What the Public Thinks About Them http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/media-bias-101-what-journalists-really-think-and-what-public-thinks-about-them <div class="field field-type-text field-field-subtitle"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Decades of Research Showing What Journalists Think, How Journalists Vote, What the Public Thinks About the Media, and What Journalists Say About Media Bias </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Media Bias 101</strong> summarizes decades of survey research showing how journalists vote, what journalists think, what the public thinks about the media, and what journalists say about media bias. The following links take you to dozens of different surveys, with key findings and illustrative charts. (Most recent update: May 2014)</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/media-bias-101-what-journalists-really-think-and-what-public-thinks-about-them" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division Gallup Journalists Liberal Bias media Media Bias 101 Media Bias Basics Pew Research Center Polls Rasmussen surveys Thu, 08 Oct 2009 21:37:00 +0000 admin 29256 at http://www.mrc.org Journalists Admitting Liberal Bias, Part One http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/journalists-admitting-liberal-bias-part-one <p><em>While most in the media business continue to deny the problem of liberal bias, a number of journalists have admitted that the majority of their brethren approach the news from a liberal angle. Examples:</em></p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/journalists-admitting-liberal-bias-part-one" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division Andy Rooney cbs Evan Thomas John Harwood Juan Williams Newsweek Thomas Edsall Washington Post Mon, 19 Oct 2009 19:54:00 +0000 admin 29251 at http://www.mrc.org Journalists Denying Liberal Bias, Part One http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/journalists-denying-liberal-bias-part-one <p><em>In spite of overwhelming evidence to the contrary, many journalists still refuse to acknowledge that most of the establishment media tilts to the left. Examples:</em></p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/journalists-denying-liberal-bias-part-one" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division cbs Christiane Amanpour Dan Rather David Shuster New York Times Reuters Tom Brokaw Mon, 19 Oct 2009 19:22:00 +0000 admin 29253 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 1-19: Indiana University Polls of Journalists http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-19-indiana-university-polls-journalists <p>Following up on polls taken in the <a target="_blank" href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/early-polls-journalists-1962-1985"><strong>1970s</strong></a>, <a target="_blank" href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-3-american-journalist"><strong>1980s</strong></a> and <a target="_blank" href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-6-journalists-who-are-they-really"><strong>1990s</strong></a>, the School of Journalism at Indiana University in 2002 and 2013 surveyed journalists across the profession to create a statistical portrait of the typical American journalist.</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-19-indiana-university-polls-journalists" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division bias Democrats Indiana University Journalists Media Bias Media Bias 101 Reporters Republicans Mon, 19 May 2014 18:15:24 +0000 rich.noyes 46292 at http://www.mrc.org Media Bias 101: Studies Showing What Journalists Really Think http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/media-bias-101-studies-showing-what-journalists-really-think <div class="field field-type-link field-field-link"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/media-bias-101-what-journalists-really-think-and-what-public-thinks-about-them" target="_blank">http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/media-bias-101-what-journalists-really-think-a...</a> </div> </div> </div> Media Bias 101 Mon, 27 Jan 2014 14:18:17 +0000 rich.noyes 45395 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 2-28: Seeing Liberal Bias in the News (2013) http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-28-seeing-liberal-bias-news-2013 <p>A trio of polls conducted during 2013 showed that, by a wide margin, many more Americans see a liberal bias in the news media than a tilt in favor of conservatives. Even a sizeable percentage of self-identified Democrats seemed to concede this point, with 36 percent telling the Pew Research Center that the media are liberal, and 38 percent of Democrats telling Rasmussen they shared the views of the “average reporter.”<br /><br /><strong>KEY FINDINGS</strong>:</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-28-seeing-liberal-bias-news-2013" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division conservative Gallup liberal Media Bias Media Bias 101 Pew Research Center Polls Rasmussen Mon, 13 Jan 2014 20:20:31 +0000 rich.noyes 45279 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 2-27: In Campaign 2012, Most Voters (Again) Saw Media Favoring Obama http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-27-campaign-2012-most-voters-again-saw-media-favoring-obama <p>A <a target="_blank" href=" http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/general_politics/august_2012/51_expect_most_reporters_to_help_obama_9_predict_most_will_help_romney"><strong>Rasmussen poll</strong></a> taken in the summer of 2012 found that, as in past years, the public perceived the media providing more favorable news coverage to the Democratic nominee.</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-27-campaign-2012-most-voters-again-saw-media-favoring-obama" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division Barack Obama Campaign 2012 Media Bias Mitt Romney Polls public opinion Rasmussen Mon, 13 Jan 2014 20:10:37 +0000 rich.noyes 45278 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 1-8: The Media Elite Revisited http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-8-media-elite-revisited <p>In 1995, Stanley Rothman and Amy E. Black 'partially replicated the earlier Rothman-Lichter' survey of the media elite. (See previous entry, <a href="http://www.mrc.org/static/biasbasics/Exhibit1,TheMediaElite.aspx"><em>The Media Elite</em></a>.) 'The sample of journalists mirrors that from the earlier study, including reporters and editors at major national newspapers, news magazines and wire services,' the authors wrote in a <a href="http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0377/is_2001_Spring/ai_73368520/" target="_blank">Spring 2001 article</a> for the journal <em>Public Interest</em>.</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-8-media-elite-revisited" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division Abortion Amy Black Journalists liberal Media Bias Media Elite Public Interest Stanley Rothman Thu, 08 Oct 2009 18:05:00 +0000 admin 29228 at http://www.mrc.org Early Polls of Journalists, 1962-1985 http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/early-polls-journalists-1962-1985 <p>For a 2009 academic paper, “The Political Attitudes of American Journalists: A Survey of Surveys,” Northeastern University professor <a target="_blank" href="http://www.northeastern.edu/polisci/people/full-time-faculty/william-g-mayer/"><strong>William G. Mayer</strong></a> tracked down survey research from the 1960s, ’70s and ’80s, including the first known survey of journalists’ political ideology and party identification. <br /><br /><strong>KEY FINDINGS</strong>:</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/early-polls-journalists-1962-1985" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division Journalists Liberal Bias Media Bias 101 surveys Tue, 07 Jan 2014 18:07:47 +0000 rich.noyes 45244 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 2-5: Gallup Polls on Media Bias http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-5-gallup-polls-media-bias <p>Almost every year from <a target="_blank" href="http://www.gallup.com/poll/164459/trust-media-recovers-slightly-time-low.aspx">2001 through 2013</a>, Gallup has polled American adults on the question: 'Now thinking for a moment about the news media: In general, do you think the news media is too liberal, just about right, or too conservative.' Each year, the number of Americans saying the media are too liberal has outnumbered those seeing a pro-conservative bias by about a three-to-one margin.</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-5-gallup-polls-media-bias" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division conservative Gallup liberal media Poll public opinion trust Mon, 12 Oct 2009 13:47:00 +0000 admin 29246 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 1-2: Major Newspaper Reporters http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-2-major-newspaper-reporters <p>In 1982, Fred Evans of California State University in Los Angeles asked reporters from the fifty largest U.S. newspapers about their political identification and for whom they voted in 1980. In that election, Republican Ronald Reagan won with 50 percent of the vote, compared with 41 percent for Democratic incumbent Jimmy Carter and 8 percent for liberal Republican-turned-independent John Anderson. (Evans' data included in a 2009 paper by Northeastern University professor William G. Mayer, "The Political Attitudes of American Journalists: A Survey of Surveys.")<br /><strong></strong></p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-2-major-newspaper-reporters" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division 1980 election Journalists Liberal Bias newspapers Polls Reporters surveys Wed, 07 Oct 2009 22:03:00 +0000 admin 29222 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 1-18: Slate Magazine Pre-Election Staff Survey http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-18-slate-magazine-pre-election-staff-survey <div class="field field-type-nodereference field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> By</div> <a href="/author/mrc-staff">MRC Staff</a> </div> </div> </div> <p>Prior to the <a href="http://www.slate.com/id/93134/" target="_blank">2000</a>, <a href="http://www.slate.com/id/2108714/" target="_blank">2004</a>, <a href="http://www.slate.com/id/2203052/" target="_blank">2008</a> and <a target="_blank" href="http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/politics/2012/11/slate_votes_2012_why_we_chose_obama_over_romney_stein_and_johnson.html">2012</a> presidential elections, the online <em>Slate</em> magazine surveyed its staff to find out how they intended to vote.</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-1-18-slate-magazine-pre-election-staff-survey" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division Al Gore Barack Obama Jacob Weisberg John Kerry Media Bias Slate Timothy Noah Thu, 08 Oct 2009 20:22:00 +0000 admin 29220 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 2-26: Record High 67% See Political Bias in News Media http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-26-record-high-67-see-political-bias-news-media <p>A Pew Research Center survey of 1,000 adults conducted in January 2012 and <a target="_blank" href="http://www.people-press.org/2012/02/07/cable-leads-the-pack-as-campaign-news-source/"><strong>released the following month</strong></a> found a record high 67 percent of Americans see “a great deal” or “fair amount” of “political bias” in the news media. Such a widespread perception of bias is bad news for the media, since most Americans (68%) also told Pew’s researchers they prefer to get their political news from sources “that have no particular political point of view.”<br /></p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-26-record-high-67-see-political-bias-news-media" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division Media Bias Pew Research Center Polls public opinion surveys Tea Party Tue, 03 Apr 2012 15:38:08 +0000 rich.noyes 39727 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 2-25: Pew Finds Record Low Respect for News Media (2011) http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-25-pew-finds-record-low-respect-news-media-2011 <p>A <a target="_blank" href="http://www.people-press.org/2011/09/22/press-widely-criticized-but-trusted-more-than-other-institutions/"><strong>Pew Research Center poll</strong></a> of 1,501 adults conducted in July 2011 found that “negative opinions about the performance of news organizations now equal or surpass all-time highs on nine of 12 core measures.” The report documented how the public’s opinion of the media has significantly deteriorated since the group began polling in 1985, with record numbers seeing the press as inaccurate, biased — and even immoral.<br /></p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-25-pew-finds-record-low-respect-news-media-2011" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division accuracy bias media Pew Research Center Polls Press public opinion surveys Mon, 26 Mar 2012 17:48:57 +0000 rich.noyes 39585 at http://www.mrc.org Exhibit 2-24: Gallup Finds Most Distrust the Media; Public’s Confidence Low (2011) http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-24-gallup-finds-most-distrust-media-publics-confidence-low-2011 <p>A Gallup survey of 1,017 adults conducted between<a target="_blank" href="http://www.gallup.com/poll/149624/majority-continue-distrust-media-perceive-bias.aspx"><strong> September 8-11, 2011</strong></a> found “the majority of Americans still do not have confidence in the mass media to report the news fully, accurately, and fairly.” The results mirror Gallup surveys conducted annually since 2001, polls which have <a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-5-gallup-polls-media-bias"><strong>consistently found</strong></a> roughly three times as many Americans say the media have a p</p><p><a href="http://www.mrc.org/media-bias-101/exhibit-2-24-gallup-finds-most-distrust-media-publics-confidence-low-2011" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Media Bias 101 News Analysis Division conservative Gallup liberal Media Bias Polls surveys Mon, 26 Mar 2012 15:53:17 +0000 rich.noyes 39584 at http://www.mrc.org