Media Wrong About Katrina-Related Economic Downturn
This morning, the Labor Department released employment numbers for the month of September, and they were much stronger than forecast. In fact, they were so strong that the U.S. dollar rallied against most of the worlds currencies in expectation that the Federal Reserve might raise interest rates further than many economists had hoped.
To refresh everyones memory, here is a sampling of what the media were saying about the economy after Katrina first made landfall:
Edmund L. Andrews of The New
York Times wrote this on September 3: That would have been
encouraging news to many forecasters, but it was overwhelmed
by a growing expectation that Hurricane Katrina is likely to
cause substantially slower growth for at least the next
Joel Havemann of the Los Angeles Times took a similar approach: But Hurricane Katrina will probably end the economy's 27-month streak of job gains. Katrina's effects not only on the Gulf Coast regions where it struck but also on the national economy via higher energy prices and disrupted ports could result in the loss of as many as 500,000 jobs in September, analysts said.
The Washington Posts Nell Henderson wrote this: Hurricane Katrina, by forcing an exodus of workers and families from New Orleans and surrounding areas, appears likely to rank alongside Sept. 11, 2001, and the Arab oil embargo of 1973 as one of the nation's most serious and sudden economic shocks particularly in terms of job losses in recent memory.
And, just this morning, Andy Serwer of Fortune magazine said on CNNs American Morning: You can see the 200,000 estimates of jobs lost.
this bearishness, the
Labor Department reported this morning that payroll employment
was little changed, with a net loss of 35,000 jobs in September. The
unemployment rate went to 5.1 percent, but thats still lower than
any month from 2002 to 2004, as The Heritage Foundations Tim Kane
The Bureau of Labor Statistics said, The measures of employment and unemployment reported in this news release reflect both the impact of Hurricane Katrina, which struck the Gulf Coast in late August, and ongoing labor market trends. Over the 12 months ending in August, payroll employment grew by an average of 194,000 a month and the unemployment rate trended downward.
To put this in perspective, analysts had been looking for a decline of 150,000 in these non-farm payrolls. As such, when combined with the upward revisions of 77,000 jobs to the original July and August estimates, this report was surprisingly strong. In fact, factoring out job losses directly related to Katrina, the economy has added more than 200,000 jobs per month the last three months, which is outstanding.
Maybe this explains why Serwer and CNNs Soledad OBrien seemed amazed when the new numbers were released:
OBrien: That new jobs report we've been talking about all morning is out. To break down the numbers, here is Andy Serwer.
Serwer: Lets get right to it, Soledad. 35,000 jobs net lost in the economy in the month of September. The first time we've lost jobs since May 2003. How could it only be 35,000?
OBrien: You're saying the estimates were going as high as 400,000?
The Associated Press followed with an article entitled Katrina Pushes Unemployment Rate Higher with the sub-heading Economy Loses Jobs in Sept. for 1st Time in Over 2 Years; Katrina Pushes Unemployment Rate Up. Jeannine Aversa began her report:
The economy lost jobs in September for the first time in over two years as economic convulsions from a devastating Gulf Coast hurricane shook the job market and pushed the national unemployment rate up to 5.1 percent.
The report, released by the Labor Department on Friday, provided the most extensive picture of the jobs climate in the aftermath of the deadly and destructive Hurricane Katrina, the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history.
Curiously, nowhere in this report did Aversa mention that this job loss was significantly lower than economists had been expecting, or that most analysts cheered the news. For instance, heres how Joe Richter of Bloomberg framed the same announcement:
Hurricane Katrina pushed the U.S. unemployment rate up to 5.1 percent in September as the economy lost 35,000 jobs, fewer than expected and evidence that the storm wasn't strong enough to derail the expansion.
Richter then quoted economists who were also bullish about this report:
The Fed is going to look at this number and go full-steam ahead with 25-basis-point increases at its next two meetings to keep inflation in check, said John Silvia, chief economist at Wachovia Corp. in Charlotte, North Carolina. This is a pretty good payroll number for September.
It's a very resilient economy that's likely to be doing extremely well in a few months, said Kurt Karl, chief U.S. economist at Swiss Reinsurance Co. in New York, who predicted payrolls would be little changed from August.
Heritages labor policy research fellow, wrote in his assessment of
the numbers: The bottom line is that the next few months job
numbers will be much more important signals than todays about where
the economy is heading. But the impatient media havent waited to
let the American economy do what it does so well grow.
Noel Sheppard is an economist, business owner, and contributing writer for the Business & Media Institute. He is also contributing editor of the Media Research Centers NewsBusters.org. Noel welcomes feedback at firstname.lastname@example.org.